Nakuru is a city in Kenya that lies on the shores of Lake Nakuru, one of the most famous lakes in the Rift Valley. Lake Nakuru is home to millions of flamingos, pelicans, and other water birds, as well as a variety of wildlife such as rhinos, lions, leopards, giraffes, and zebras. The lake and its surrounding area form the Lake Nakuru National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular destination for eco-tourists.
Eco-tourism is a form of tourism that aims to conserve the natural environment and support the local communities through responsible travel practices. Eco-tourists seek to minimize their environmental impact, respect the culture and traditions of the host people, and contribute to the conservation and development of the places they visit. Eco-tourism can also provide economic benefits for the local people by creating jobs, generating income, and enhancing their livelihoods.
Lake Nakuru National Park and its catchment have tremendous potential for eco-tourism development. The park offers a wide range of attractions and activities for visitors, such as bird watching, hiking, picnicking, game drives, camping, and cycling. The park also has several accommodation options, from luxury lodges to budget campsites. The park is easily accessible by road from Nairobi, which is about 160 km away.
The park is not only a wildlife haven, but also a cultural and historical treasure. The park has several sites that showcase the rich heritage of the region, such as the Hyrax Hill Prehistoric Site, which contains archaeological evidence of human occupation dating back to 3000 BC; the Makalia Falls, which are sacred to the Njoro community; and the Baboon Cliff Viewpoint, which offers panoramic views of the lake and its surroundings.
The park also works closely with the local communities to promote eco-tourism and environmental conservation. The park has established several community-based organizations (CBOs) that involve the local people in managing and benefiting from the park’s resources. Some of the CBOs include the Lake Nakuru Wildlife Conservancy Association (LNWCA), which represents the landowners adjacent to the park; the Lake Nakuru Community Development Trust (LNCODT), which supports community projects such as education, health, water, and sanitation; and the Lake Nakuru Eco-Tourism Association (LNETA), which provides training and marketing for community-based eco-tourism enterprises.
Eco-tourism in Nakuru is not only a rewarding experience for visitors, but also a vital tool for sustainable conservation and socio-economic development of the region. By visiting Nakuru, eco-tourists can enjoy the beauty and diversity of nature, learn about the culture and history of the people, and support their efforts to protect and improve their environment and livelihoods.